Harmony Within: The Five Elements

Yoga describes our body as a composition of the five elements. In the ancient wisdom of yoga, these elements guide us toward a deeper understanding of the self, enabling balance, harmony, and a profound connection to the universe. 

The five elements of our quest for inner alignment and spiritual awakening are Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Ether, intertwined with the qualities of Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas.

The Dance of the Elements

As we mentioned above, in the yogic philosophy, the universe is composed of five elements—earth, water, fire, air, and ether. Each element represents a unique part of existence and corresponds to specific physical and mental qualities within ourselves. Earth symbolises stability, water represents fluidity, fire signifies transformation, air conveys movement, and ether depicts space. Through the practice of yoga, we aim to blend and harmonize these elements within, thus creating a balanced and vibrant inner landscape.

Earth (Prithvi) Element: Stability and Grounding

According to the yogic philosophy, the Earth element, or Prithvi, holds a sacred space as the foundation of stability and grounding as it embodies the qualities of stability, commitment, and unyielding support the earth provides. Just like the solid ground beneath our feet, this element becomes a source of strength and rootedness in our yoga practice. It symbolizes the grounding force that allows us to navigate the flow of life with a sense of balance and resilience. In our practice, grounding poses as Tadasana (Mountain Pose) and Virabhadrasana (Warrior Pose) connect us to the solidity of the earth beneath, promoting a sense of rootedness and stability.

Water (Jala) Element: Flow and Adaptability

The Water element, known as Jala, symbolises the fluidity, adaptability, and transformative power inherent in the practice. Like a flowing river, this element enables us to welcome change with grace and move through our practice and life with ease.

Fluid sequences and poses reminiscent of the gentle flow of water, such as Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation), invite us to embrace change with grace and openness.

Fire (Agni) Element: Transformation and Energy

The Fire element, Agni, represents transformation, energy, digestion, and metabolism. Like a flickering flame, this element invites us to stoke the internal fire within, generating vitality and fostering a profound sense of purification for both body and mind. Poses that develop internal heat, such as dynamic flows and twists, stoke the inner fire, aiding in the purification of body and mind and enabling a sense of vitality.

the five elements


Air (Vayu) Element: Movement and Breath

According to the yogic wisdom, the Air element, or Vayu, hops with the essence of movement and breath. Like the gentle breeze or the powerful blasts, this element invites us to harness the power of the breath, fostering clarity and engaging in mindful movement.

Pranayama practices like Anulom Vilom (Alternate Nostril Breathing), along with asanas that focus on the breath, help harness the power of the breath, fostering clarity and mindful movement.

Ether (Akasha) Element: Space and Connection

Finally, the Ether element, known as Akasha, transcends the tangible and clasps the essence of space and connection. Like the endless and ongoing expanse of the sky, this element invites us into the realm of inner spaciousness and connection with the vast universe. Meditation and asanas performed with full awareness and proper breathing create space within, allowing us to connect with the vastness of our inner selves and the universe beyond.

Balancing the Elements 

Acknowledging that our physical and emotional well-being is intricately linked to the equilibrium of these subtle forces, we explore mindful asana, pranayama, and meditation to navigate our intricate internal cosmos. 

What we strive for in our yoga practice is to balance the elements within, recognising that imbalance may manifest as physical or emotional discomfort. Through mindful asana, pranayama, and meditation, we can balance the different elements, fostering a harmonious and vibrant existence.


For more tips and yoga videos follow us on Instagram & Facebook


Lad, V. (2002). Textbook of Ayurveda: Fundamental Principles. United States of America: The Ayurvedic Press.